雅思白话7分规范中关于衔接词的规范是：Use a range of linking words accurately to connect ideas。
而中国学生最爱的白话衔接词是：but、 and、 because、 so、 on the one hand这些在考试里并非不能用，只是被用烂是典型的boring衔接词，丰富自己的衔接词储备，并且在平时操练中重复替换知道熟练运用非常重要。
1、举比如/Giving examples： For example, For instance, Namely
常用的便是for example和for instance,namely 用在解说或者说出什么事物的称号中，表达“也便是说”、“换言之便是”的意思。作插入语多。
举个比如：There are two problems: namely , the expense and the time.
And 、In addition 、As well as 、Also 、Too、 Furthermore、 Moreover 、Apart from 、In addition to 、Besides
and的用法：当然是用在两者之间。We discussed training、education and the budge.
举个比如：We also spoke about marketing.
You can use also with not only to give emphasis.
We are concerned not only by the costs, but also by the competition.
假如你期望在句首表达‘also‘，就可以用 In addition, or In addition to this…
As well as 用法：可以用于句首或者中间。
举个比如：As well as the costs, we are concerned by the competition.
We are interested in costs as well as the competition.
Too goes either at the end of the sentence, or after the subject and means as well .
Apart from 和 besides的用法： 它们都常用于表达as well as , or in addition to类似的意思。
举个比如：Apart from Rover, we are the largest sports car manufacturer.
Besides Rover, we are the largest sports car manufacturer.
Moreover 和 furthermore的用法：为你要表达的事物添加另一个信息点。
举个比如：Marketing plans give us an idea of the potential market. Moreover , they tell us about the competition .
3.总结信息/Summarising：In short、In brief、 In summary、 To summarise、In a nutshell、To conclude、In conclusion ，我们经常用这些词汇在写作和白话中表示总结，稍留意：In a nutshell是非正式表达，经常用于白话而非写作。
4. 强化观念间联系/ Sequencing ideas ：The former、 … the latter、 Firstly、 secondly,、finally. The first point is、Lastly、 The following
举个比如：Marketing and finance are both covered in the course. The former is studied in the first term and the latter is studied in the final term.
Firstly, … secondly, … finally (or lastly ) 在陈设信息时很有用;
举个比如：The following people have been chosen to go on the training course: N Peters, C Jones and A Owen.
5. 给出成果时/Giving a result ： Therefore、So. Consequently、As a result. Therefore 、 so 、consequently and as a result
举个比如：The companies are expanding. Therefore / So / Consequently / As a result , they are taking on extra staff.
6. 表示比较、转折、让步等时： Contrasting ideas But、However, although / even、 though Unlike、 In theory… in、practice…、 Nonetheless、 While、Whereas、 Despite / despite the fact that、 In spite of / in spite of the fact that、 Nevertheless
举比如：He works hard、 but he doesn't earn much.
He works hard. However , he doesn't earn much
While my sister has blue eyes、 mine are brown.
Taxes have gone up、whereas social security contributions have gone down.
Unlike in the UK、 the USA has cheap petrol.
While 、 whereas and unlike 用于表达两件事物很不同时。
Although 、 despite and in spite of 的用法：用了这些词你就把一个完好的语句分两半了，多用于让步。
例如： Although it was cold, she went out in shorts.
In spite of the cold、 she went out in shorts.
Nevertheless and nonetheless 的用法：其实便是 in spite of that or anyway的意思。
例如：The sea was cold, but he went swimming nevertheless . (In spite of the fact that it was cold.)
The company is doing well. Nonetheless 、they aren't going to expand this year.